Anecdotal information of lake sturgeon has been reported by recreationalists and commercial fishermen since 1994. This initiative has been implemented in all lower Great Lakes waters and continues to be a substantial contribution to population assessment in the Great Lakes. We summarized data from all sightings in the upper Niagara River from 1994-97, which included 40 reports of 117 fish.
Sightings from 1994-97 indicate successful natural reproduction and year class structure within the population as suggested by annual juvenile sightings, <24 inches. Also, the west river (mostly Canadian waters) has significantly larger lake sturgeon (avg. 54 inches) reported than the east river (U.S. waters; avg. 21 inches). This suggests possible habitat differences between the west and east rivers; however, data provided by participants indicate little difference. Average depth of sightings in the west and east rivers were 19 feet and 21 feet, respectively and substrate descriptions were similar. Many sightings were reported in June and July, likely biased by increased diving activity. The Frenchman’s Creek area received weekly dive trips throughout the diving seasons; however, a larger number of lake sturgeon were sighted during August, suggesting a high use area during this time.
Public education was significantly increased in 1998. First, an appreciation dinner was held at the LGLFRO for divers participating in the sighting program. As suggested at the dinner, a poster of the upper Niagara River was developed with current sightings and lake sturgeon educational items. The poster was placed in nine dive shops in Canada and the U.S. to increase awareness and sighting reports. A web page, entitled ‘Niagara River Lake Sturgeon Project’ was developed and placed on the Niagara Divers’ Association web site (www.vaxxine.com/nda). Lake Sturgeon Sighting Alert cards, developed by Ohio Division of Wildlife, were distributed to approximately 200 marinas, bait shops, and boat launches. Also, an ‘Alert’ notice was placed in the NYSDEC 1998-99 Fishing Regulations Guide to increase angler awareness and reports. As a result of the increased effort, 86 lake sturgeon reports with 120 sightings, were filed by our office in 1998. Previously, the most reports ever submitted in one year to the LGLFRO was 12.
In 1998, 81 sightings from 59 reports (69%) were from the
Niagara River. Compared to reports from 1994-1997, the 1998 upper
river sightings showed increased diversity in the lengths of lake
in both the east and west rivers. Most sightings were reported in
June and July, again likely due to increased diving activity. A
finding from 1998 sightings was an abundance of YOY lake sturgeon at
northern tip of Grand Island, in the east river. Sixteen of
(66%) were sighted on 15 August. The lengths of most sightings
between 3 and 8 inches. This location is called the Grasse Island
area due to a large island of emergent vegetation. The water
appear to be reduced in this area. Divers reported substrates
of sand and gravel with some reporting cobble. Total depths
15.5 feet, with a range of 12 to 18 feet. Vegetative abundance
reported sparse to moderate. The LGLFRO set gillnets and trawled
in the area in mid-October; however only one mudpuppy was caught in the
Also, during the appreciation dinner divers suggested to conduct what was named a “mass dive.” On 13 June, 1998, eight boats and a total of 26 divers from both Canada and the U.S. conducted the “mass dive” to better identify lake sturgeon distribution and abundance in the upper Niagara River. Two dives, spread across the width of the West Niagara River (Canadian side), covered approximately 6 km of river. Two juvenile lake sturgeon (approx. 12” and 24”) were sighted by divers. These sightings were important because, prior to the “mass dive,” only one juvenile had been reported (from 1994-1997) in the West River. Juveniles in the West River could be an indicator of successful reproduction occurring within this river branch.
The “mass dive” provided an excellent educational opportunity for the diving community to interact with LGLFRO biologists and learn more about the lake sturgeon. It also allowed LGLFRO biologists to further explore the potential for diver sightings to be used as a method of lake sturgeon population assessment.
Background - A short, but very educational background of Lake Sturgeon in the Great Lakes.
Niagara River Project - Draft scope for the Niagara River Sampling for 1998.Return to NDA Homepage